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Comprehensive Guide: Setting Up a High-Performance WordPress Server with LiteSpeed and DDoS Protection

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Introduction:

In this detailed guide, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of setting up a high-performance WordPress server optimized with LiteSpeed Web Server and fortified with DDoS protection. Follow these instructions to ensure a secure, fast, and reliable WordPress site.


Step 1: Choosing the Right Linux Distribution

Begin by selecting and installing Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, a stable and widely used Linux distribution.

Step 2: Installing LiteSpeed Web Server

2.1 Download and Install LiteSpeed

Run the following commands to install LiteSpeed on your Ubuntu server:

wget https://www.litespeedtech.com/packages/6.x/lsws_repo1.6/ubuntu/pool/main/l/lsws/lsws_6.0.7-1_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i lsws_6.0.7-1_amd64.deb sudo apt-get install -f

2.2 Starting LiteSpeed

Initiate LiteSpeed with the following command:

sudo service lsws start

2.3 Accessing LiteSpeed WebAdmin Console

Visit https://your-server-ip:7080 in your browser to access the LiteSpeed WebAdmin Console.

Step 3: Installing PHP and MariaDB

Install PHP and MariaDB, essential components for WordPress:

sudo apt-get install php7.4 php7.4-mysql php7.4-curl php7.4-gd php7.4-json php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xml php7.4-zip mariadb-server

Step 4: Securing Your Server

Secure your server by configuring the firewall with UFW:

sudo ufw allow OpenSSH sudo ufw allow 80 sudo ufw allow 443 sudo ufw enable

Step 5: Setting Up DDoS Protection with Cloudflare

  1. Sign up for a Cloudflare account.
  2. Add your domain.
  3. Follow Cloudflare’s setup instructions.
  4. Adjust DNS settings.

Step 6: Installing WordPress

Navigate to your web root directory and install WordPress:

cd /usr/local/lsws/Example/html/ sudo wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz sudo tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /usr/local/lsws/Example/html/wordpress

Step 7: Optimizing LiteSpeed for WordPress

Follow LiteSpeed’s optimization guide and install the LiteSpeed Cache WordPress plugin for enhanced performance.

Step 8: Obtaining an SSL Certificate with Let’s Encrypt

Secure your site with an SSL certificate:

sudo apt-get install certbot python3-certbot-apache sudo certbot --apache

Step 9: Implementing Backup Solutions

Implement a basic backup strategy using tools like rsync:

sudo apt-get install rsync rsync -avP --exclude=wp-content/cache/ /usr/local/lsws/Example/html/wordpress/ /path/to/backup/folder

Step 10: Monitoring and Logging with Munin

Install and configure Munin for server monitoring:

sudo apt-get install munin munin-node

Conclusion:

By following these comprehensive steps, you’ve successfully set up a WordPress server with LiteSpeed, DDoS protection, and essential optimizations. Your WordPress site is now equipped for high performance and security.

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